Fishing line tangled onto the tail and leg of a Northern Gannet
As a Crown Dependency Alderney is responsible for its own Wildlife protection law and policy.
Alderney's wildlife and habitat protection is as of 2013 largely dependent on land use planning legislation and policy. This designates a signifcant area of the island as 'Protected' or 'Conservation Areas' on the basis of cultural and environmental factors. However, there is verly little legal protection for wildlife other than as a direct result of a development proposal.
The Alderney Wildlife Trust (AWT) was formed in 2002 by concerned residents and with the support of the island's government, to help respond to this gap in nature protection. The AWT now manages land on behalf of the States of Alderney and private landowners, and responds to wildlife welfare and protection issues.
Thanks to the care and support of the island's population the island is blessed with fewer environmental pressures than many other parts of the British Isles. However, the AWT still has to respond to numerous planning proposals, deal with dozens of wildlife emergencies and has to sit on the Environmental Emergency Response Group for the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
In response to the now increasing pressure on the island's natural environment, the AWT maintains several key objectives:
- The creation of an Wildlife (Alderney) Law - such an act would cover the protection of both terrestrial and marine habitats and species.
- The creation of a Marine Protected Zone (MPZ) - to support the island's designation as a Ramsar site, with formal protection created with contributions from all commercial and recreational users.
- The creation of a Red Data Book for Alderney - a list recognising the status of species and habitats within the island and priortising their care.
In 2012 the AWT, supported by the Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts, started along the path towards these objectives by commisoning the drafting of the first Environmental Impact Assessment framework and policy on behalf of the Building Development and Control Committee of the States of Alderney.
Wild Birds (Alderney) Ordinance, 2005
Fishery Control Regulation, Enforcement of Community control measures and the enforcement of community satellite monitoring measures - Extended to Alderney EU 1999/45.
Sea Fish Licensing (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 2012
Conventions & Agreements
Bonn Convention - Guernsey code A.8 Extended to Alderney 1979.
EC/GEN 1993/10. Alderney amended law 1995
ASCOBANS - Agreement on the conservation of small cetaceans of the Baltic and North Sea - UN Agreement 60 Guernsey code C.33. Extended to Alderney 1999
Environmental Impact Assessment in Transboundary Context - UN convention Extended to Alderney 2004.
Convention on Climate Change - Alderney 1992
Conservation of European wildlife - Agreed 20.04.93
CITES - Extended to Alderney 1997
Alderney's Protected Species
All birds, excepting those species listed in Annex 1. - Wild birds (Alderney) Ordinance, 2005