Hippophae rhamnoides

  1. Wildlife
  2. Trees and shrubs
  3. Sea-buckthorn


Sea-buckthorn is a very spiny shrub, native to sand dunes along the east coast of England, but planted in other areas to help stabilise dune systems. It forms dense thickets with thorny twigs and, although it has small green flowers, is most noticeable in the autumn when it displays an abundance of bright orange berries.

How to identify

Sea-buckthorn can be identified by its long, narrow, greyish leaves and bright orange berries.

Where to find it

Found along the east coast of England and along the coast of NI, but also widely planted along urban roadsides and around the coast.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Sea-buckthorn is an important shrub in coastal sand dune systems, helping to stabilise the dunes and providing food and shelter for wildlife, including birds like Fieldfares. The Wildlife Trusts look after many coastal habitats and are working closely with farmers, landowners and developers to promote wildlife-friendly practices in these areas. We have a vision of a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country, which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Hippophae rhamnoides
Trees and shrubs
Height: 1-6m usual, but up to 10m possible
Conservation status