Cornus sanguinea


Dogwood is a small shrub, widespread in woodland edges and hedgerows of southern England. The crimson colour of its leaves in autumn and its strikingly red twigs make it a popular ornamental plant so it is frequently planted in parks and gardens. In early autumn, it produces clusters of black berries.

How to identify

Dogwood is most easily recognised by its reddish twigs, umbels (umbrella-like clusters) of white flowers in the spring, and blackish berries in the autumn. Its leaves are oval and smooth along the edges, sitting opposite each other on the twigs.

Where to find it

Widespread in England and Wales.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Our native tree species, such as Dogwood, provide important links in the food chain for many animals, as well as areas for shelter and nesting. Try planting native species in your garden and see who comes to visit... To find out more about wildlife-friendly gardening, visit our Wild About Gardens website: a joint initiative with the RHS, there's plenty of facts and tips to get you started.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Cornus sanguinea
Trees and shrubs
Height: up to 4m
Conservation status