Phleum pratense

  1. Wildlife
  2. Grasses
  3. Timothy


Although it's a common native grass, Timothy is actually named after an American farmer, Timothy Hanson, who introduced it into California in the 18th century. Here, Timothy can be found in meadows, waste grounds, arable fields and roadside verges. It is often cultivated as a fodder plant for livestock.

How to identify

The long, dense flower spikes of Timothy are cylindrical in shape and sit atop a tall, slender stem; they appear from June to August. Its leaves are grey-green and flat.

Where to find it



When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Although they sometimes don't look especially wildlife-friendly, our roadside verges, field edges and waste grounds can provide valuable habitats for all kinds of plants and animals. The Wildlife Trusts get involved in different projects to help make these places as beneficial for wildlife as possible. We have a vision of a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country, which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Phleum pratense
Height: up to 1.5m
Conservation status