Fulmarus glacialis


Fulmars are members of a group of birds known as 'tubenoses' or 'petrels' which also includes giant Albatrosses and tiny Storm Petrels. In the 1800s, Fulmars only nested in one or two places on islands in the far north of Scotland. Since then, they have expanded their range and can be found around the British coast, nesting in colonies on cliffs or flocking to feed out at sea.

How to identify

The Fulmar looks similar to a gull, but with straighter, stiffer wings and a thickset neck.

Where to find it

Nests on cliffs all around the coasts of Britain.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

The survival of our seabirds is threatened by the pollution and degradation of our marine and coastal habitats. The Wildlife Trusts are working with fishermen, researchers, politicians and local people towards a vision of 'Living Seas', where marine wildlife thrives. This work has recently had a massive boost with the passing of the Marine Bill, promising sustainable development of the UK's marine environment. Do your bit for our Living Seas by supporting your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Fulmarus glacialis
Gulls and seabirds
Length: 44-50cm Wingspan: up to 1m Weight: 700-900g Average Lifespan: 44 years
Conservation status
Classified in the UK as an Amber List species under the Birds of Conservation Concern review.